|Network Working Group||J.C. Gregorio, Editor|
|INTERNET DRAFT||BitWorking, Inc|
|<draft-ietf-atompub-protocol-00.txt>||R.F. Sayre, Editor|
|Category: Standards Track||Boswijck Memex Consulting|
|Expires: January 2005||July 2004|
The Atom Publishing Protocol
This document is an Internet-Draft and is CONFORMANCE UNDEFINED.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress".
The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt.
The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.
This Internet-Draft will expire in January 2005.
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). All Rights Reserved.
This memo presents a protocol for using XML (Extensible Markup Language) and HTTP (HyperText Transport Protocol) to edit content.
The Atom Publishing Protocol is an application-level protocol for publishing and editing Web resources belonging to periodically updated websites. The protocol at its core is the HTTP transport of Atom-formatted representations. The Atom format is documented in the Atom Syndication Format 0.3 PRE-DRAFT (http://www.mnot.net/drafts/draft-nottingham-atom-format-02.html).
To provide feedback on this Internet-Draft, join the atom-syntax mailing list (http://www.imc.org/atom-syntax/index.html).
1.1 Notational Conventions
2 The Atom Publishing Protocol Model
3 Functional Specification
3.1.1 Locating the PostURI
126.96.36.199 Response code 201
188.8.131.52 Response code 303
184.108.40.206 Response code 400
220.127.116.11 Response code 500
18.104.22.168 Response code 301
22.214.171.124 Response code 307
3.4 Link Tag
3.5 Atom Request and Response Body Constraints
4 Security Considerations
5 IANA Considerations
6 Appendix A - SOAP Enabling
7 Appendix B - Examples
7.1 Example for a weblog
7.2 Example for a wiki
8 Revision History
§ Normative References
§ Author's Addresses
§ Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements
The Atom Publishing Protocol is an application-level protocol for publishing and editing Web resources.
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", the and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC2119.
The Atom Publishing Protocol is an application-level protocol for publishing and editing Web resources. Using the common HTTP verbs provides a pattern for working with all such Web resources:
There are three major classes of URIs in this specification: PostURI, FeedURI and EditURI. This specification defines the expected actions for each of the methods listed. A URI MAY support methods not listed here. For example, an EditURI could support a POST or OPTIONS method. However, what those methods do is beyond the scope of this specification.
This document does not specify the form of the URIs that are used. The URI space of each server is controlled, as defined by HTTP, by the server alone. What this document does specify are the formats of the files that are exchanged and the actions that can be performed on the URIs embedded in those files.
The PostURI is used to create entries. These can be either full entries, such as a weblog post, or they can be comments, or even a wiki page. The client POSTs a filled-in Atom Entry to this URI. If the request is successful, one or more Web resources MAY be created. For example, POSTing an Atom entry to a PostURI may create two new Web resources, an HTML representation and an Atom representation.
The PostURI can be discovered in a link element with an @rel of 'service.post'. The link element containing a PostURI used to create a new entry MAY be discovered in three different places. The first place it may be found is in a <link> element in the 'head' element of an HTML document.
The second place a PostURI may be found an atom:link element that is a child of the atom:feed element. The third place a PostURI may be found is in the atom:link element of an atom:entry.
@@ TBD @@ - Discuss subordinate resources and what a PostURI means based on where the URI was found.
<link rel="service.post" type="application/atom+xml" href="URI for Posting goes here" title="The name of the site.">
The request contains a filled-in Atom entry, subject to the constraints in section section 3.5.
The possible status codes from a POST are 201, 303, 400, 401, 404, 410 and 500.
Response includes a Location: header with the URI of the created resource, i.e. the URI used to edit the entry, as opposed to the URI used to display the content. The body of the response will contain the entry "filled-in" with time stamps and any other data the server chooses to reveal. This must contain enough information to enable a client to issue a subsequent PUT to this location. Note that the server may chose to omit the content in the response, particularly if it is large.
The body of this response does not contain the filled-in Entry, but the filled-in Entry can be found under a different URI and can be retrieved using a GET method on that resource. The URI SHOULD be given by the Location field in the response.
Indicates that the server believes that that data sent constitutes an invalid request. A short description of the error will appear on the status line itself. A longer description will appear in the body.
Indicates that the server detected an internal error on the server processing this request (such as an unhandled exception). A short description of the error will appear on the status line itself. A longer description will appear in the body.
An EditURI is used to edit a single entry. Each entry that is editable MUST have a unique URI. This URI supports both GET and PUT and they are used in tandem for an editing cycle. The client GETs the representation which is formatted as an Atom entry. The client may then update the entry and then PUT it back to the same URI. The PUT will cause all the related resources to be updated, for example, the HTML representation.
Note that the value of the content element in the Atom entry does not have to exactly match the content element for the same entry when it is represented in an Atom feed. For example, a server may allow the client to post entries whose content is formatted as WikiML, yet the server may clean up such markup and transform it into well-formed XHTML before placing it in the publicly available Atom feed. Another scenario is summaries--the EditURI is for editing the full content of an entry, but the server may only present excerpts when it produces an Atom feed.
A client will send a DELETE to the EditURI to delete an entry.
For editing a site Entry, the link tag is used. Note that a link tag is used in both HTML and in the Atom format. A link tag of the following format points to the EditURI for a site. In HTML, the link tags for editing are always found in the head element, while in Atom they may appear as children of the entry elements.
<link rel="service.edit" type="application/atom+xml" href="URI for Editing goes here" title="Readable desc of the entry.">
Note: The critical characteristic of this link tag is the @rel of 'service.edit' and the @type of 'application/atom+xml'.
A PUT request, and a GET response both contain a filled-in Atom entry, subject to the constraints in section section 3.5.
The FeedURI is used to retrieve a representation in Atom format. Note that this feed is different from a typical Atom feed in that it contains "link" elements for navigating and manipulating the content of the site. For example there should be a "link" element with rel="next" whose URI points to the next block of entries on the site. Similarly, the feed element can contain a "link" element with rel="service.post", the URI of which is a PostURI. Individual entries should contain "link" elements with rel="service.edit" whose URIs are EditURIs.
@@ Editor's Note: @@ Note that the "service.feed" takes the place of the Introspection File and the Search facet in previous versions of the specification. That is, facet discovery, which was previously done by inspecting the Introspection file is now done by looking for "link" tags with an attribute "rel" set to "service.[something]" in the "service.feed" file. At the same time the same representation replaces the search facet by having "link" tags that point to other feeds using well knows 'rel' attribute values such as 'next' and 'prev', or the search can branch in multiple directions by specifying multiple link tags with rel="service.feed" and having differing title attributes that announce the kind of search results in that feed.
A link tag of the following format points to the FeedURI.
<link rel="service.feed" type="application/atom+xml" href="URI goes here" title="The name of the site.">
The request is a simple GET. No other verbs are currently specified for this URI.
The expected status codes from a GET are 200, 301, 307, and 500. 401, 404, and 410 are also possible.
The Feed has moved permanently, the new URI is given in the Location header.
The Feed has moved temporarily, the new URI is given in the Location header.
The link tag is used in both HTML and Atom formats. There are slight differences between the two usages. Here are the commonalities, differences, and a list of well-known values for the rel attribute.
The link tag in HTML documents appears in the 'head' of the document. The 'head' section only allows a linear list of 'link' tags. The Atom format allows 'link' tags as children of both the 'feed' element and of the 'entry' element. Note that this gives the information present in the link tag more context. For example ... @@ TBD @@
This attribute describes the relationship from the current document, be it HTML or Atom, to the anchor specified by the href attribute. The value of this attribute is a space-separated list of link types. Note that these values are case insensitive. When used in concert with type="application/atom+xml", the relations may be interpreted as follows.
URI of the resource being described by this link element.
Offers advisory information about the link. Rendered to the user to help them choose among a set of links with the same rel and type attributes.
The content type of the resource available at the URI given in the href attribute of the link element. Most of the link types in this specification are on type 'application/atom+xml'.
The Atom format is used as the representation of all the resources in this specification. As it is used in differing contexts, there are different constraints of which elements may be present, and how their values should be interpreted.
Because Atom is a publishing protocol, it is important that only authorized users can create and edit entries. The security of Atom is based on HTTP Digest Authentication and/or the WSSE-style authentication described in this document. Any weaknesses in either of these two protocols will obviously affect the security of the Atom publishing protocol.
Both HTTP Digest Authentication and the WSSE-style authentication described in this document are susceptible to dictionary-based attacks on the shared secret. If the shared secret is a password (instead of a random string with sufficient entropy), an attacker can determine the secret by exhaustively comparing the authenticating string with hashed results of the public string and dictionary entries.
See RFC 2617 for more detailed description of the security properties of HTTP Digest Authentication.
@@TBD@@ Talk here about using HTTP basic and digest authentication.
@@TBD@@ Talk here about denial of service attacks using large XML files, or the billion laughs DTD attack.
This document has no actions for IANA.
All servers SHOULD support the following alternate interface mechanisms to enable a wider variety of clients to interact with Atom Publishing Protocol servers. The following requirements are in addition to the ones listed in the Functional Specification Section. If a server supports SOAP Enabling then it MUST support all of the following.
Fill this in with an example for how all the above is used for a weblog. Start with main HTML page, link tag of type service.feed to the 'introspection' file. 1. Creating a new entry 2. Finding an old entry 3. editing an old entry 4. commenting on a entry (via HTML and Atom)
Fill this in like above but for a wiki.
Rev draft-ietf-atompub-protocol-00 - 5Jul2004 - Renamed the file and re-titled the document to conform to IETF submission guidelines. Changed MIME type to match the one selected for the Atom format. Numerous typographical fixes. We used to have two 'Introduction' sections. One of them was moved into the Abstract the other absorbed the Scope section. IPR and copyright notifications were added.
Rev 09 - 10Dec2003 - Added the section on SOAP enabled clients and servers.
Rev 08 - 01Dec2003 - Refactored the specification, merging the Introspection file into the feed format. Also dropped the distinction between the type of URI used to create new entries and the kind used to create comments. Dropped user preferences.
Rev 07 - 06Aug2003 - Removed the use of the RSD file for auto-discovery. Changed copyright until a final standards body is chosen. Changed query parameters for the search facet to all begin with atom- to avoid name collisions. Updated all the Entries to follow the 0.2 version. Changed the format of the search results and template file to a pure element based syntax.
Rev 06 - 24Jul2003 - Moved to PUT for updating Entries. Changed all the mime-types to application/x.atom+xml. Added template editing. Changed 'edit-entry' to 'create-entry' in the Introspection file to more accurately reflect it's purpose.
Rev 05 - 17Jul2003 - Renamed everything Echo into Atom. Added version numbers in the Revision history. Changed all the mime-types to application/atom+xml.
Rev 04 - 15Jul2003 - Updated the RSD version used from 0.7 to 1.0. Change the method of deleting an Entry from POSTing <delete/> to using the HTTP DELETE verb. Also changed the query interface to GET instead of POST. Moved Introspection Discovery to be up under Introspection. Introduced the term 'facet' for the services listed in the Introspection file.
Rev 03 - 10Jul2003 - Added a link to the Wiki near the front of the document. Added a section on finding an Entry. Retrieving an Entry now broken out into it's own section. Changed the HTTP status code for a successful editing of an Entry to 205.
Rev 02 - 7Jul2003 - Entries are no longer returned from POSTs, instead they are retrieved via GET. Cleaned up figure titles, as they are rendered poorly in HTML. All content-types have been changed to application/atom+xml.
Rev 01 - 5Jul2003 - Renamed from EchoAPI.html to follow the more commonly used format: draft-gregorio-NN.html. Renamed all references to URL to URI. Broke out introspection into it's own section. Added the Revision History section. Added more to the warning that the example URIs are not normative.
|[RFC2629]||Rose, M.T., "Writing I-Ds and RFCs using XML", RFC 2629, June 1999.|
|Joe Gregorio (editor)|
|1002 Heathwood Dairy Rd.
|Apex, NC 27502|
|Phone:||+1 919 272 3764|
|Robert Sayre (editor)|
|Boswijck Memex Consulting|
|148 N 9th St. 4R
|Brooklyn, NY 11211|
The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; neither does it represent that it has made any effort to identify any such rights. Information on the IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and standards-related documentation can be found in BCP-11. Copies of claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementors or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF Secretariat.
The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice this standard. Please address the information to the IETF Executive Director.
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). All Rights Reserved.
This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English.
The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assignees.
This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Funding for the RFC editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society.